The hottest wind power industry is still in its in

2022-07-23
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Wind power industry is still in its infancy editor's note: Recently, there have been many disputes about whether there is equipment overcapacity in wind power, solar energy and other new energy fields. Experts believe that although the wind power industry has made great achievements, compared with the wind power developed countries, China's wind power industry is still in its infancy. The development of wind power has been highly valued by countries all over the world, but there are still some technical and mechanism problems to be solved

according to the statistics of the national energy administration, at the end of 2008, the total installed capacity of wind power in China was 12.17 million KW, ranking the fourth in the world, and the scale under construction was about 10million kW. In the first half of this year, the installed capacity of wind power increased to 16.61 million kilowatts

recently, there have been many disputes about whether there is equipment overcapacity in new energy fields such as wind power and solar energy. The author interviewed how to view the development status of China's wind power industry and whether there is overcapacity

wind power development enters the fast lane

wind energy is a clean and renewable energy. China is very rich in wind energy resources. According to preliminary estimates, it can develop an installed capacity of 1billion kilowatts. Wind power has the conditions to become the third largest power energy after thermal power and hydropower

in April, 1986, Shandong Rongcheng built three 55 kW wind farms, opening the way for the development of wind power in China. However, due to financial and technological constraints, wind power development is slow. At the end of 2002, the installed capacity of wind power in China was only 460000 kW

"in recent years, with the support of the renewable energy law and supporting policies, the development of wind power has accelerated significantly. Especially after the adoption of concession bidding, the combination of market guidance and government support has greatly promoted the large-scale development of wind power." Shi Lishan, deputy director of the new and renewable energy department of the national energy administration, said

2003, the national development and Reform Commission implemented the concession bidding for the first time, and the wind power price dropped significantly, gradually meeting the conditions for large-scale development. In 2005, the renewable energy law was promulgated and implemented, clearly supporting the development of new energy such as wind power, and the wind power generation impact toughness experimental exhibition entered the fast lane. Since 2006, China's wind power has doubled for three consecutive years. By the end of 2008, a total of 238 wind farms had been built, with an annual generating capacity of 14.8 billion kwh

"the rapid development of wind power has not only made great contributions to adjusting the energy structure and protecting the environment, but also contributed to reducing greenhouse gases and coping with climate change." Shi Lishan said

potential overcapacity in equipment manufacturing

equipment manufacturing is the most important link in wind power construction, accounting for 70% of the total investment. The rapid development of wind power has driven the localization of equipment manufacturing. At present, more than 10 enterprises in China can mass produce 1500 kW and 2000 kW wind turbines, and 3000 kW wind turbines have also been put into operation, basically forming a 100 billion level industrial cluster manufacturing industry of new chemical materials with international competitiveness for wind power equipment construction. In 2008, the share of domestic equipment in the wind power market reached 75%

"since the 1990s, Chinese enterprises have possessed certain R & D capabilities from introducing foreign equipment to gradually mastering equipment design and manufacturing technology. However, the wind power manufacturing industry has also shown a tendency of blind development. Some enterprises have neither technical capacity nor financial strength. They blindly enter this field with a 'Gold Rush' mentality, resulting in the potential problem of relative excess capacity." Shi Lishan said

according to preliminary statistics, more than 60 enterprises have produced and are ready to enter the production of wind turbine sets. Experts pointed out that wind power manufacturing is a comprehensive industry integrating aerodynamics, automatic control, machinery manufacturing and information technology. If enterprises enter blindly, it will not only waste a lot of money, but also be detrimental to the sustainable and healthy development of wind power industry

"in the long run, wind power will surely develop faster. In the future, the global wind power market will be large. Baby strollers, electric baby strollers, children's bicycles, children's tricycles. China's wind power manufacturing industry has formed a certain competitive advantage. Looking at the world, the problem of overcapacity may not be so prominent." Shilishan believes that equipment manufacturing enterprises should track the latest technologies in the world, strengthen independent research and development, and meet the needs of the rapid development of wind power

the wind power industry is still in its infancy.

wind power is the new energy power generation mode with the most mature technology and the most conditions for large-scale development. In the context of coping with global climate change, the development of wind power has been highly valued by countries all over the world. In some countries, especially in Denmark, Germany and Spain in Europe, wind power has become the main component of electricity

"although great achievements have been made in the development of wind power, the wind power industry in China is still a naive industry and is still in its infancy." Shilishan said that at present, the proportion of wind power in the national installed capacity of 800million kW is still very low, and the proportion of power generation in the total power generation is less than 0.5%

it is predicted that according to the current development speed, China's wind power installed capacity is likely to reach 150million kW by 2020. According to this calculation, it can drive an investment of 1.5 trillion yuan, produce more than 300 billion kwh of clean electricity every year, save 100million tons of standard coal and reduce more than 200million tons of carbon dioxide, setting off an upsurge of investment and M & A in the industry

at present, the development of wind power industry is facing many problems, such as weak independent R & D capability, imperfect industrial service system, shortage of talent team and so on. At the same time, due to the reverse distribution of wind power resources and power market, the existing power transmission capacity is insufficient. In addition, the intermittent and random characteristics of wind power generation also pose a challenge to power dispatching

"as an emerging industry, it is normal to expose some problems. The key is to constantly solve problems." Shi Lishan said that the national energy administration and relevant departments are improving the wind power development policy, strengthening the guidance of power planning, formulating equipment manufacturing access standards, building testing and certification systems and test sites, and solving the problems restricting the development of wind power such as integration, operation and management, so as to promote the sustainable and healthy development of the whole industry

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